Raising cows can benefit you in so many ways. You get an unlimited supply of milk, dairy products, compose, beef, and you can sell them for profit. But cows can be a headache especially when they get sick, and you have no idea what to do. There are simple rules to follow if you want to raise healthy cows and succeed in your cattle farming business.
Cultivate a Fertile Land
Cows feed on grass, and it is no secret that what they eat will eventually have an impact on their health. You need a fertile land that will supply healthy grass for the cows, and if you don’t, you have to build one. Don’t use fertilizers because that will lead to severe problems in the future. Invest in potash, nitrogen, and limestone to enrich your land. You should also integrate rock phosphate, which contains nickel, zinc boron, iodine, and other elements that supply nutrients to the soil.
Provide Them with Enough Water
The water needs of cows is determined by factors like weight, stage of production, and temperature. On the average, they will need at least 1 – 2 gallons for every 100 pounds of body weight. Install a functional and healthy water supply system and invest in a tank heater to save back during cold weathers. Supply them with clean, fresh water that is free of manure, dirt, and other debris that could lead to problems. Lactating cows need twice as much water compared to other cows, so keep that in mind.
Perfect Cow Breeding
Proper cow breeding and reproduction can help you to recoup your investment and make a profit huge profit on your farm. You need to put a lot of things into consideration like keeping their environment clean and conducive, which is essential for the healthy birth of the calf. Also, don’t fatten your yearling bulls at the starting of the breeding season and make sure they receive pre-breeding vaccination just like the cowherd. You should also pay attention to synchronization protocols which can help increase pregnancy and conception rates.
Grass Feed Cows Perform Better
There are many options when it comes to providing your cow with feeding. You can buy grains, supplements, hay, and silage from farm feed suppliers or feed them with fresh grass. Grass fed cows are healthier because they get all the nutrients they need, which also increases the quality of the milk and meat. Grass fed diet also help reduce your farm management costs so you can invest the money in other areas on the farm.
Protect and Prioritize Their Health
Paying attention to the health of your cows will go a long way in ensuring they deliver the very best and remain healthy. Have a veterinarian support who can respond to situations as quickly as possible. You also need to get the cows vaccinated as it costs less than the money you will lose from ill or dead cows. Treat injuries and illnesses immediately you discover them to prevent it from spreading and attacking your whole herd.
Get Quality Calves Supply
The quality of the calves you purchase will determine the kind of cow they will become. Choose your cattle breed by considering factors like climate, weather, temperature, and land. Select cows based on your area’s climate and microclimate to increase their chances of survival. Determine if you’re raising them for dairy or beef, or both and put your business goals into consideration. Find information about your local market trends to know which type of cows to buy and the ones to avoid.
Maintain and Manage Your Facility
Raise your cows in a healthy, comfortable, and organized facility. Prepare your facility by keeping it clean, inviting, and well protected with fences and other cow handling equipment. Install facilities that protect your cow from physical injuries and bruises, and make sure that sanitation issues are taken care of regularly. Take the time to determine where the water resources and other facilities will be located based on the nature of your farm land. This is not only a moral obligation but also a legal one, and failure to provide this can lead to substantial penalties.
Farmers who want to raise healthy cows must realize it is a major task they need to be committed to. They must install and manage quality facilities and equipment, get a quality supply of calves, perfect cow breeding, and provide them with enough water. While it can be physically and financially exhausting to raise healthy cows and ensure that they live quality lives, it can pay off in dividends once they start breeding and multiplying. Use the aforementioned tips to help you get started.